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15 March 2023 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Relationship Between Psychological Symptoms and Self-Esteem Levels Before and After Stomach Botox Treatment

Çetin Altunal ORCID logo1ABCDEFG, İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner ORCID logo2ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939618

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939618  

Available online: 2023-03-15, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Obesity is an exponentially increasing public health problem all over the world. When obesity is treated, many healing states begin to occur in obese individuals. Stomach Botox is also frequently used among non-surgical treatment methods. This prospective study examined the relationship between psychological symptoms and self-esteem levels before and after stomach Botox treatment.
We administered a survey to gather baseline information, and used the form, Brief Symptoms Inventory and Rosenberg Self-Esteem scales. In total, 406 patients, including 369 females (90.9%) and 37 males (9.1%), participated in the research during February to August 2020.
Anxiety, negative personality, somatization, and hostility levels before Botox treatment were higher than after Botox treatment. Depression levels were higher after Botox treatment. Anxiety, somatization, and hostility increases were statistically significant (P<0.05). Depression and negative personality differences were insignificant (P>0.05). Before Botox treatment, all psychological symptom and self-esteem level correlations were insignificant (P>0.05). After Botox treatment, correlations between anxiety, negative personality and hostility levels with self-esteem level were statistically and negatively significant (P<0.05). Anxiety after Botox treatment had a significant effect on self-esteem level on multivariate level (P<0.05).
Obesity treatment methods positively affect physical health and mental health. While there are many confusing scientific studies on stomach Botox treatment, none of these studies seem to have had strict diet and movement monitoring. Stomach Botox treatment not only positively affects the physical appearance and mental health of individuals, but also their self-perception during the obesity treatment process.

Keywords: Botulinum Toxins, Type A; Self Concept; Signs and Symptoms


01 March 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939968

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750